Communication and language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.
By the end of reception children will develop their: Listening and attention: children listen attentively in a range of situations. They listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions. They give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.
Understanding: children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions. They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.
Speaking: children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners’ needs. They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future. They develop their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.
How can parents and carers help?
- Talking to your child, sharing experiences, remembering together, listening to them and encouraging through genuine questions do more to prepare them for school than any other activity.
- Children who come to school able to express their needs and willing to listen to others are much more likely to settle in quickly and absorb learning more readily. Your child should learn to be a good listener, taking turns in a conversation, and not just a forceful talker. We want them to be able to express themselves clearly and with confidence.
- Join in with their imaginative play, ask questions, and get them to make decisions, have opinions.
- The learning of nursery rhymes, songs and poems cannot be over emphasised and is an enjoyable and valuable activity.
- The rhymes help them to notice the sounds in words and the tunes help them to remember the words.